'El Peñón', was formed millions of years ago and has attracted thousands of visitors over the course of its history. The Romans named the rock “Mons Calpe",” however after the General Tariq Ibn Zayed conquered in the year 711 (AD), the Arabs began to call it "Jebel Tariq" (Mount of Tariq). Today, we all know it as the “Rock of Gibraltar”.
Gibraltar, the most recognised symbol of the entrance to the marvellous Mediterranean Sea, has been a stopping point for all the countries in the world from a navigation point of view. Gibraltarians, Brits, Spaniards, Italians, Maltese, Arabs, Greeks, Visigoths, Romans, and before all of these, according to what archaeological discoveries have shown, the Neanderthal man. All tried to conquer this destination, however only a few succeeded.
The Rock is composed of limestone from the Jurassic era, which dates back more than 200 million years. Geologists insist that the rock, as and how we find it today is the wrong way round! The upper section is older than the lower section, and as a result it is possible to appreciate different layers of sea sediment and remains of crustaceans on the top section.
Gibraltarians are bilingual in English and Spanish and after more than 300 years of British influence, they also have a British sense of humour and a very Latin way of looking at life...
The Straight of Gibraltar is also a place of passage for many species of marine mammals as well as their place of residence.
Visit the areas with the highest probability (up to 90%) of seeing herds of dolphins (bottlenose, striped and common), sperm whales, … in their own habitat.